OECD SOPEMI NATIONAL REPORT 2020 FOR SLOVAK REPUBLIC PART I MAJOR DEVELOPMENT IN MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION POLICY AND MIGRATION MOVEMENTS

Rok
2020
Volume
Volume 12, No 2
Strany / Pages
15 - 87
DOI
10.31577/PPFAR.2020.12.005
Autori / Authors
Ing. Richard Heriban, PhD.
Ing. Ľubica Gajdošová
Jazyk / Language
SK
Publikované / Published
15.11.2020
Vydavateľ / Publisher
Prognostický ústav CSPV SAV
Dokument
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Popis / Abstract
In this paper we describe the recent (2019) development of migration and integration policies and migration movements in Slovakia and compare the data with previous years. Source data used in this paper come from The Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic; Centre of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic; Labour Force Survey (LFS) by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic; Presidium of the Police Corps, Bureau of Border and Alien Police of the Slovak Republic and the Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic. In 2019 the economic growth in Slovakia continued and the overall macroeconomic picture was relatively good. GDP grew by 2.4 % (4.1 % during the previous year), employment increased by 0.7 % and real wages by 1.9 %. The latter was underpinned by a slight inflation as consumer prices increased year on year by 2.7 %. Unemployment rate decreased from 6.6 % in 2018 to 5.8 % in 2019. The macroeconomic growth in Slovakia is export-driven and seems to be relatively detached from the labour market performance. Slovakia became one of the largest world hubs of the car production with more than million cars assembled in the country annually. The low wage level is also among the key competitive factors of the Slovak economy. At the same time, Slovakia as a member of Eurozone is subject to strict fiscal limitations that are reflected also in the lower level of social benefits, in particular in terms of their purchasing power. This fact contributes to the low attractiveness of Slovakia for migrants who seek to maximize the economic benefit of migration.


Kľúčové slová / Keywords:
Slovakia, migration, integration, policy, movements