Popis / Abstract:
A significant regional disparity rate is among the characteristics of the Slovak Republic. In order to reduce the regional disparities and promote the development in the lagging regions, the Act on the Lagging districts (Act No. 336/2015 Coll.) was adopted in 2015 (hereinafter as Act). According the respective Act, the lagging districts are identified based on the rate of their registered unemployment. By the Act adopted methodology, which is based on the use of the solely indicator, resulted to the situation when one quarter of the total number of the districts in Slovakia is qualified as least-developed. Given the high portion of the districts labeled as lagging on the total number of the Slovak districts, it can be questioned whether the adequate threshold is used, or whether the selection based on the results of one indicator is sufficiently elastic. Author of the article poses the question whether the account of other indicators would influence the selection of the lagging districts, and if so, to which extend. Based on the experimental modelling and results of seven alternative models which took into account also other variables, it can be concluded, that the selection of the lagging districts through the solely indicator of registered unemployment, can be considered as distorted and not adequately reflecting the complexity of the socio-economic situation of the district in question. The list of the lagging districts has been changed most significantly in cases when the values attributed to variables related to educations outcomes were considered in a stronger manner. It can be argued, that the quality and the accessibility of the education has a crucial impact on the promotion of the district. Poor education results are then reflected in the higher unemployment rate, mostly the long-term and structural type. Given the strategic perspective, the aims of the public policies, including the Act on the Lagging districts, should focus primarily on the issues of education. Analysis of the support distributed according the Act on the lagging regions, showing the marginal focus on issues of education, is therefore, surprising.
Kľúčové slová / Keywords:
Lagging regions, Identification of the lagging regions, Support for the lagging regions, Human capital
Ako citovať / How to Cite:
Z.Polačková. 2019. Reduction of the Regional Disparities in the Context of the Act on the Lagging Regions. In Prognostické práce – Foresight, Analysis and Reccomendations / PP – FAR, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 46-62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/PPFAR.2019.11.003
Z.Polačková. (2019). Reduction of the Regional Disparities in the Context of the Act on the Lagging Regions. Prognostické práce – Foresight, Analysis and Reccomendations / PP – FAR, 11 (1), 46-62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/PPFAR.2019.11.003